The Two Strategies of MEP Coordination

MEP is an acronym used for Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing programs for constructing initiatives. With the growing complexity and performance of every system, MEP actions aren’t confined to the normal mechanical, electrical and plumbing system but additionally embrace fireplace safety, fuel piping, course of piping, pneumatic tubing, information programs and so on. This text assumes that the design has been accomplished by ‘Design Consultants’ to a sure stage after which handed to ‘Set up Sub-Contractors’ who will validate the design and worth engineer the design via the method of spatial coordination and procurement of elements to satisfy the necessities of the design. The coordination of Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP) programs amongst themselves and with different constructing programs together with architectural and structural disciplines is a vital, difficult and time consuming process, particularly in complicated constructing initiatives with intense MEP necessities. The coordination means of Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP) programs includes defining the precise location of every constructing system element all through the constructing inside the constraints of the envelope outlined by the architectural and structural programs to adjust to various design and operations standards avoiding any interferences/clashes amongst constructing programs. Assuming that almost all corporations undertake the duty of MEP Coordination, with out which the location set up from a ‘design solely’ set of drawings can be an excessive amount of of a danger, there are two methods by which the next course of takes place:

2D MEP Coordination
The method begins with the design from the Design Advisor. The Sub-Contractor staff will manually replace the 2D CAD drawings or create their very own set from the beginning. In creating these drawings plenty of sections will probably be drawn and frequent consideration given to ceiling void areas through which the programs and services are being laid out. In a super world 2D MEP Coordination can work so long as all services and programs are assessed adequately after which drawn right into a 2D drawing. The sizes of the programs would must be manually added as would the heights and distances from gridlines or partitions. The contractor can have groups of individuals for every system (HVAC, plumbing, electrical and so on) creating their drawings primarily based on the architectural ceiling void. On this technique, there is no such thing as a automated system to establish the conflicts within the MEP system and subsequently there’s a excessive diploma of reliance on the instinct, creativeness, technical data and expertise of the staff members to put out the services with out website groups experiencing clashes.

Visualizing the potential clashes is made tougher as a result of adjustments in ceiling profiles, to not point out the problem of getting to know the affect of all programs in addition to structural and architectural parts that will impede or affect a system or service route. What makes issues worse is {that a} third occasion can not simply overview the drawings for any errors, nor can the design be simply reviewed or communicated with a venture staff. Moreover, if there are adjustments to the design or procurement-led adjustments then the method of undoing and re-doing 2D MEP Coordination initiatives turns into very cumbersome. The inherent weaknesses of 2D CAD software program additionally come into play, one can draw one thing of 1 dimension and label it as one thing fully completely different. Because the programs and services drawings aren’t checked in some type of automated technique there is no such thing as a assure that the 2D MEP coordination course of will generate a conflict free drawing. In the course of the time of complicated initiatives, it requires a number of part viewings which consuming quite a lot of time. These time commitments include further prices to every contractor.

3D MEP Coordination
This course of is extra collaborative and permits the power to speak the progress of the venture shortly and simply, offering 3D visuals that resemble the ultimate system and service set up. It begins with a transparent path by way of spatial zoning which is then used as the idea to start out modeling the HVAC, piping, plumbing and electrical services. Because the architectural and structural fashions type a part of the model, it’s simpler to insert services and programs with out creating clashes. As soon as the model is full and all programs and services have been added, the power to establish issues turns into a lot simpler in comparison with the 2D Coordination technique. Firstly, one is ready to stroll via the model utilizing roaming software program to overview the model and, secondly using conflict detection software program, similar to Navisworks, highlights all clashes whether or not these are programs in opposition to different programs or programs in opposition to construction or structure. As soon as highlighted, all clashes can then be corrected through the coordination stage of the venture. Solely as soon as the model is interference free are drawings created. This results in one other set of advantages, in contrast to 2D coordination the place every part have to be drawn, the 3D software program permits the creation of sections which are instantly taken from the model. Moreover, because the 3D software program is so clever, the sizes of programs are instantly taken from the 3D model and subsequently there is no such thing as a likelihood of services or programs being modelled as one dimension after which labeled as one other. Past the coordination stage, there are a number of different advantages from the 3D model, together with use throughout services management, vitality evaluation and so forth.

Regardless of the MEP Coordination technique used, the necessity for MEP Coordination arises as a result of lack of detailed coordination through the design stage. Moreover, the necessity for fabrication and set up of constructing programs in accordance with business and Sub-Contractor greatest observe requires MEP Coordination to be carried out by them. The 2D MEP Coordination course of offers a restricted interference-checking functionality and subsequently can and can end in extra issues on website together with further re-work, change orders and inflating budgets. All of this makes 3D MEP Coordination a extra environment friendly and the more and more most popular technique for the long run.

Present traits within the MEP business present the evolution of some extra particular strategies of MEP coordination, with various levels of involvement by the design consultants and the MEP contractors.

These strategies are:


  1. Design guide offers 2D, 3D designs and MEP coordination to the MEP contractor.
  2. The MEP contractor generates the 2D, 3D designs and MEP coordination himself/herself.
  3. Design guide offers 2D design to MEP contractor, who then creates 3D fashions and handles MEP coordination you could try here.

The primary, and one that’s gaining elevated reputation, workflow technique is one the place design consultants present a spatially coordinated BIM model with MEP specification elements, structural and architectural adjustments. Due to this fact, the BIM model is usable by the contractor. 

The second technique includes the MEP contractor designing all of the fashions, each 2D and 3D, for set up. One of many disadvantages on this technique for the contractor is added stress, for the reason that contractor is accountable for the design and should not be capable of make use of designers with requisite experience and he/she could even have to offer design legal responsibility insurance. There are advantages although, one is removal of abortive work for BIM modelling as a result of environment friendly use of time and thus, elevated revenue.

Technique No. 3 sees the design guide provide architectural, structural and MEP designs in 2D to the contractor, who then creates a 3D model to evaluate the design. This technique could face hiccups within the course of as a result of sure disciplines will probably be represented in 2D and a few will probably be in 3D, with completely different software program used for every. So, if the contractor faces any points, s/he could essentially revert to the designer, who will alter the 2D design, after which the change must be represented in 3D. Clearly, delays might end result.

Moreover, helpful options of the method have mushroomed. Amount take-off analyses initiatives with a brand new diploma of element, making an allowance for portions, places and in the end prices. Additional, simply as 3D BIM permits visualisation of the finished venture, 4D BIM scheduling motion pictures lets house owners, merchants and groups see how the constructing comes collectively. It may be used to¬†monitor the venture on-site. Additionally, BIM 360 Glue generates a coordinated model, consisting of particular person fashions that each one staff members can take a look at. This may be ‘glued’, or up to date fashions might be uploaded, frequently. Every person can resolve clashes quicker by evaluating fashions and instantly speaking with one another.

Within the dynamic world of MEP coordination, new strategies and options promise to crop up with unceasing regularity. The secret’s discovering the strategy that works greatest for you.